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Pyramid complex of  Senweseret III ( XII Dynasty ) in Dahshur

The core of pyramid was made of mudbricks, but it no longer had a stone masonry framework and covering the casing of white limestone. J.de Morgan had great difficulty finding the entrance to the pyramid, because the north chapel was once conceived in a way intended to confuse potential grave robbers. The burial chamber did not lie on the pyramid's vertical axis, but northwest of it.The walls of the granite chamber were finished with a thin layer of white stucco. On the west wall of the chamber stood a marvelous granite sarcophagus, whose fifteen niches probably represented stylized gateways. J.Wagner, M.Lehner and other, expressed the view that Senweseret III was not necessarily buried in the pyramid in Dahshur, but in his large and funerary complex in Abydos. North of the pyramid J.de Morgan discovered princesses' tombs arranged in two galleries of unequal height. In hidden place in the lower gallery de Morgan found splendid jewelry as well as other items from the burial equipment of princesses Sithathor. This equipment was containing 333 pieces of her treasure. A gold pectoral spelled the name of Senweseret II and a scarab was inscribed with that of Senweseret III. The next day he found another treasure, belonging to Princess Merit, which containing many of the same elements as Sithathor's but was even more extensive. In 1994 the shaft of 'tomb 9' (J) was discovered. A tunnel leads to an antechamber, burial chamber and canopic chamber actually under the southwest corner of the king's pyramid. A granite sarcophagus fills the west end  of the burial chamber, the floor of which was littered with pottery, wood, a few alabaster fragments and scattered bones. The name Weret, was found on a canopic jar and an inscribed board. In 1997 D.Arnold's investigations uncovered evidence that the seven superstructure bases north and south of the pyramid in its inner enclosure belonged in fact to small pyramids and not mastabas, as had previously been thought.

A - entrance
B - passage
C - magazine
D - antechamber
E - burial chamber
F - north chapel
G -
mortuary temple

H, I, J, K, L, M, N - pyramids of princesses
J -
pyramid of queen Weret

Copyright 2000-2013 Dariusz Sitek, Czestochowa - Chicago - Ann Arbor