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Manetho Chronicle

         
Manetho was a priest from Heliopolis, Egyptian by birth. Probably on Ptolemy I recommendation he started to compile Egyptian history. This work entitled “Aegyptiaka”, was written in Greek and finally completed circa 271 BC. In his manuscript Manetho attempted to describe Egyptian history from mythical times onwards to the death of Alexander the Great. According to his count there were 30 Dynasties ruling over Egypt. To Manetho we owe also many interesting details from rulers’ life. Unfortunately, his work got lost and all we know recently comes from short transcripts and summaries of historians after Manetho: Josephus Flavius (I AD), Sextus Julius Africanus (III AD), Eusebius of Cesarea (III/IV AD), and Byzantine historian George Syncellos (VIII AD). Mistakes made by copiers reduce historical value of Manethos’ work. For instance: Josephus Flavius assigned to Menes duration of 62 years of ruling, Eusebius - 30 years, while Syncellos - 60 years.
The register of names of rulers from first six dynasties and the length of their ruling according to Flavius / Africanus and Eusebius count are presented beneath:
 
I Dynasty
    Flavius -
Julius Africanus
Eusebius of
Cesarea
Narmer Menes 62 30
Aha Athothis 57 27
Djer Kenkenes 31 39
Djet Wenefes 23 42
Den Usafais 20 20
Andjib Miebis (Miebidos) 26 26
Semerkhet Semempses 18 18
Qa'a Bieneches 26 26
II Dynasty
  Flavius - Julius Africanus
Hotepsekhemui Boethos 68
Reneb Kaiechos 39
Ninetjer Binothris 47
Weneg Thlas 17
Senedj Sethenes 41
  Chaires 17
Neferkare (Aaka) Nefercheres 25
Neferkasokar Sesochris 48
Khasekhemwi Cheneres 30
III Dynasty
  Flavius - Julius Africanus
Sanakht Necherophes 28
Djoser Tosorthros (Sesorthros) 29
Sekhemkhet Tyreis 7
Khaba Mesochris 17
  Suphis 16
  Tosertasis 19
  Aches 42
  Sephouris 30
  Kerferes 26
IV Dynasty
  Flavius - Julius Africanus
Snefru Soris 29
Khufu Suphis 63
Khafre Suphis 66
Menkaure Mencheres 63
Djedefre Ratoises 25
Baka Bicheris 22
Shepseskaf Sebercheres 7
Djedefptah Tamphtis 9
V Dynasty
  Flavius - Julius Africanus
Weserkaf Usercheres 28 lat
Sahure Sephres 13 lat
Neferirkare Kakai Nepherchres 20 lat
Shepseskare Sisires 7 lat
Neferefre Cheres 20 lat
Niuserre Rathures 44 lata
Menkauhor Mencheres 9 lat
Djedkare Isesi Tancheres 44 lata
Unas Onnos 33 lata
VI dynastia
  Flavius - Julius Africanus
Teti Othoes 30 lat
Pepi I Phios 53 lata
Nemtiemsaf I Methusuphis 7 lat
Pepi II Phiops 99 lat
Nemtiemsaf II Menthesuphis 1 rok
Nitekreti Nitocris 12 lat
VII - XI Dynasties
 

Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

VII 70 kings ruled at Memfis in 70 days 5 kings ruled at Memphis in 75 days
VIII 27 kings ruled at Memphis in 176 years 5 kings ruled at Memphis in 100 years
IX 19 kings ruled at Heracleopolis in 409 years 4 kings ruled at Heracleopolis in 100 years
X 19 kings ruled at Heracleopolis in 185 years
XI 16 kings ruled at Thebes in 43 years
XII Dynasty
  Flavius - Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Amenemhat I Ammenemes 16 16
Senweseret I Sesonchosis 46 46
Amenemhat II Ammanemes 38 38
Senweseret III Sesostris 48 48
Amenemhat III Lamares (Ameres) 8 8
Amenemhat IV Ammenemes 8  
Sobekneferure Skemiophris 4  
XIII - XIV Dynasties
XIII 60 kings ruled at Thebes in 453 years
XIV 76 kings ruled at Xois in 184 years (484 at Synkellos)
XV Dynasty
  Josephus Flavius Juliusz Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Salitis Saites 19 Saites 19 Silites 19
Szeszi (Bnon) Bnon 44 Bnon 44 Baion 44
Jakobner Apachnan 37 Pacnan 37 Apachnas 36
Chian Iannas 50 Aphophis 61 Sethos 50
Apopi Apofis 61 Aphophis 61 Aiofis 61
Chamudi Assis 49 Archles 49 Archles 30
XVII Dynasty
43 kings ruled in 151 lat (Julius Africanus)
XVIII Dynasty
  Josephus Flawiusz Juliusz Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Ahmose I Iahmes 25 years
4 mon.
Amos   Amoses 25
Amenhotep I Amenophis 20 years
7 mon.
Amenophtis 24 Amofis (Ammenofis) 21
Tuthmosis I Thmosis   Tuthmosis   Tuthmosis  
Tuthmosis II Chebron 18 years Chebros 13 Chebron 13
Hatszepsut Amessis 21 years
9 mon.
Amensis 22    
  Mephres 12 years
9 mon.
Misafris 13   -
Tuthmosis III Mephramuthosis 25 years
10 mon.
Misfragmuthosis 26 Mysfarmuthosis (Misfarmutosis) 26
Amenhotep II            
Tuthmosis IV Thmosis 9 years
8 mon.
Tutmosis 9 Tutmosis 9
Amenhotep III Amenophis 30 years
10 mon.
Amenofis 31 Amenofis (Amnofis, Ammenofis) 31
Akhenaten Orus 36 years
5 mon.
Oros 37 Oros 28
Semenchkare Acencheres 12 years
1 mon.
Acherres 32 Achencherres (Achencherses) 16(12)
Tutankhamun Rathotis 9 years Rathos 6    
          Atoris 39(8)
          Chencheres 16
  Acencheres I 12 years
5 mon.
Chebris 12 Acherres 8
Ai II Acencheres II 12 years
3 mon.
Acherres 12 Cherres 15
Horemheb Harmais 4 years
1 mon.
Armesis 5 Armais 5
XIX Dynasty
  Josephus Flavius Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Ramesses I Ramesses 1 year
4 mon.
Ramesses 1    
Seti I Sethos 59 Sethos 51 Sethos 55
Ramesses II (Rampses)
Ramesses Miamun
66 years
2 mon.
Rapsakes 61 Rampses
(Ramesses)
66(68)
Merenptah Amenophath 19 years
6 mon.
Ameneftes 20 Amenephtis 8(40)
      Rammeses 60    
Amenmose Ammenemnes   Ammenemnes 5 Ammenemes 26
Seti II            
Siptah            
Taweseret Thuoris   Thouris 7 Thouris 7
XX Dynasty
12 kings ruledin 135 years (Julius Africanus) or 178 years (Eusebius of Cesarea)
XXI Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Smendes I Smendes 26 Smendes 26
Psusennes I Psusennes 46 Psusennes (Psusennos) 41(46)
Amenemose Nephelcheres 4 Nephercheres 3(4)
Amenemopet Amenophtis 9 Ammenophtis 9
Osokhor Osokhor 6 Osokhor 6
Siamon Psinaches 9 Psinaches (Psinnaches) 9
Psusennes II Psusennes 14 Psusennes (35)
XXII Dynasty
  Julius Africanus
Sheshonq I Sesonchis 21
Osorkon I Osorthon 15
Sheshonq II
Takelot I
Osorkon II
Horsiese I
  38
Takelot II Takelothis 48
Sheshonq III
Pimai
Sheshonq V
Osorkon IV
  8
XXIII Dynasty
    Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Petubastis I Petubastes 40 25
Iuput I Psammus 10 10
Sheshonq IV Sesonchis    
Osorkon III Osorcho 8 9
Takelot III Takelotis 31  
Amonrud Rudimen    
Iuput II Zet 31  
XXIV Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Bakenrenef Bochoris 40 25
XXV Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Shabaka Sabacon 8 12
Shabataka Sebichos 14 12
Taharka Tarakos 18 20
XXVI Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Ammeris Ammeris Nubijczyk 12 12
Stephinates Stephinates 7 7
Nekaub Nechepsos 6 6
Nekau I Nechao 8 8
Psametyk I Psammetichos 54 45
Necho II Nekos 6 6
Psametyk II Psammuthis (Psammis) 6 17
Apries Uaphres (Apries) 19 25
Amazis Amosis 44 42
Psametyk III Psammecherites (Psammenitos) 6 mon.  
XXVII Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Cambyses II Kambyses 6 3
Darius I Dareios 36 36
Xerxes I Xerxes 21 21
Artaxerxes I Artaxerxes 41 40
Xerxes II Xerxes 2 mon. 2 mon.
Sogdianos Sogdianos 7 mon. 7 mon.
Darius II Dareios deuteros 19 19
Artaxerxes II Artaxerxes    
XXVIII Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Amyrtaeus Amyrteos 6 6
XXIX Dynasty
  Julius Africanus
Nefaarud I Nepherites 6
Muthis Muthis 1
Psammuthis Psa(m)muthis 1
Achoris Achoris 13
Nefaarud II Nepherites 4 mon.
XXX Dynasty
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Nectanebo I Nectanebes 18 10
Djedhor Teos 2 2
Nectanebo II Nectanebos 18 8
Persians
  Julius Africanus

Eusebius of Cesarea

Artaxerxes III Ochos 2 6
Arses Aroges 3 4

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