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Divine Adoratrice of Amun 754 - 525
( Thebes )

do XXVI dynastii

 The title of Divine Wives of Amun or Divine Adoratrice of Amun goes back to times of Dynasty XVIII and was assumed by women holding high offices at royal court. They might have been royal mothers, wives or daughters. It seems that the title was hereditary and used to be passed from mother to daughter. For instance the Divine Wife of Amun was queen Hatshepsut, and then her daughter Neferure. In this and many other instances it was just title of honour.  First Queen to be given the title was Ahmes-Nefertari, consort of Ahmose. However, in Late Period it might have been be used by Egyptian and Kushite rulers for political purposes. Those rulers used to appoint to this office their daughters or sister and thus secured their influences in Tebaida. Shapenewpet I started famous line of Divine Adoratrises of Amun in Thebes. Their power on this territory equaled the royal power. The very Divine Adoratrises used to write their own names in  royal cartouches and assume throne names at the moment of taking office. Sometimes, like Nitokris I, they adopted even Horus name.
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1

 754 - 714
 
 Tablica genealogiczna

Shapenewpet I

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  • Hnm(t)-ib-imn
  • Sp-(n)-wp(t) (mri-mwt) , Sb-n-wp(t) (mri-mwt) , Hmt-nTr Sp-n-wp(t) , Sp-n-wpt

 Hnm(t)-ib-imn Henemetibamun 

 Sp-(n)-wp(t) (mri-mwt) Shapenewpet Meritmut

   

Daughter of Osorkon III and queen Karaotet. At the moment of taking an office of Divine Adoratrise she assumed titleThe Lady of the Two Lands, Embodiment of the will of Amun, Shapenupet Meritmut.  After Piankhi, the Kushite ruler, had entered Thebes  Shapenewpet was forced to adopt his sister Amenardis. Thus Amenardis became the last to co-rule with Shapenewpet and her heir to Theban throne.

2

740 - 720
(Aston, Kitchen)

Amenardis I

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  • Hat-nfrw-mwt , Hmt-nTr Hat-nfrw-mwt
  • imn-iir-di-si (mr(it)-mwt) , Drt-nTr sAt(-nTr) imn-iir-di-si

 Hat-nfrw-mwt Hatnefrumut

 imn-iir-di-si Amenardis

Alabaster statue from Karnak. Cairo Museum Kashta's and Pabatma's daughter, sister of Piankhi and Shabaka. By order of Kushite king, Piankhi, she was adopted by Shapenewpet I gained a title of Divine Adoratrise of Amun at Thebes. The name of Amenardis occurs on relics found in Montu Temple at Karnak, graffitos at Wadi Hammamat and Wadi Gasus. There are preserved numerous statues and  figures representing Amenardisare. Her mortuary chapel  is located in the temple complex at Medinet Habu

3

710 - 650

Shapenewpet II

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  • Hnwt-nfrw-mwt (irt-ra)
  • dwAt-nTr Sp-(n)-wpt , Sp-n-wp(t)

 Hnwt-nfrw-mwt (irt-ra) Nenutneferumut Irytre

 dwAt-nTr Sp-(n)-wpt  Duatnetjer Shapenewpet

Daughter of Piankhi and Peksater, sister of Taharka and Shabataka. Since 670 BC she shared title of Divine Adorer of Amun with Amenardis II and since 656 BC with Nitocris I. She assumed the title The Master of Beauty, Mut, Eye of Re. Together with Taharka she ran building works at Thebes and Medamud. Her funerary chapel is located in the temple complex at Medinet Habu. She wrote her name in cartouche and celebrated her jubilee although the secular rule was held by Montunemhat at that time. At the time of her reign falls Assirian rule in Egypt.

4

670 - 640

Amenardis II

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  • (Drt-nTr , dwAt-nTr) imn-iir-di-si (mr(it)-tfnt)
 imn-iir-di-si Amenardis

 mr(it)-tfnt Meryttefnet (Beloved Of Tefnet)

 Daughter of Taharka, sister of Altanersa - the king of Kush. She succeeded Shapenewpet II, by whom she was adopted,  on the Theban throne of the Divine Adoratrise of Amun.  Since 656BC she shared the rule with Nitocris, who was in turn introduced to throne by Psametyk I.

5

656 - 586

Nitocris I ( Shapenewpet III )

  • Hr wrt
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • nb(t)-nfrw-mwt
  • nt-iqrt (mr(it)-mwt)
 nb(t)-nfrw-mwt Nebetneferumut
 nt-iqrt (mr(it)-mwt) Nitocris Meritmut

Daughter of Psametik I and , possibly, queen Mehitenewsekhet. As generally believed, she was adopted by Shapenupet II as Divine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes as a result o diplomatic efforts of Psametik I or, according to W. Helck – in consequence of military intervention of prince of Heracleopolis, Sematauitefnakht.

6

595 - 525

Ankhnesneferibre

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  • HqA(t)-nfrw-mwt (mr(it)-mwt) , HqAt-nfrw-mwt
  • anH-n.s-nfr-ib-ra
 HqA(t)-nfrw-mwt (mr(it)-mwt) Hekatneferu Merytmut
 anH-n.s-nfr-ib-ra Ankhnesneferibre

Fragment of black basalt lid of sarcophagus. British BuseumDaughter of Psametik II and Takhuit (or his sister and daughter of Nekau II). Devine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes, adopted by Nitocris, who preceded her on this function. She held her office until the time of overtaking the rule by Persians in 525 BC. There is a funerary chapel of Ankhnesneferibre in temple at Medinet Habu. She decorated also many buildings at Karnak.

7

525 - ?

Nitocris II

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  • Hm-nTr [tpt n] imn nt-iqrt

 Daughter of Amasis. Since 525 BC successor of Ankhnesenferibre in the office of Divine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes.

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