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VIIIth Dynasty 2165 - 2140

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In many instances this dynasty would be combined with dynasty VII. However it is too far-reaching simplification as in the order proposed by Manetho dynasty VII composes something like symbol of anarchy and collapse of central control in the land. Names of rulers of that period of time are known to us mostly from two sources only: Table of Abydos and Turin Canon. Both documents, supplementing one another, allow compose a pretty liable list of rulers of dynasty VIII.
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12

  Neferkare Papisneb
  • ... ...
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  • ... ...
  • nfr-kA(-ra) Sri (Tur.4.8) , nfr-kA-ra pipi-snb(w) (Aby.51)
  • ... ...

nfr-kA-ra pipi-snb(w) Neferkare Papiseneb (Beautiful Ka, Re ; Pepi Is Healthy)

nfr-kA(-ra) Sri Neferkare Sheri (Beautiful Ka, Re ; The Younger)
 

nfr-kA-ra Neferkare (Beautiful Ka, Re)
Ruler documented in Table of Abydos and Turin Canon. The latter one adds to his name epithet Sri The Younger.

13

  Neferkamin Anu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
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  • nfr [-kA-mn] ? (Tur.4.9) , nfr-kA-mn , snfr-kA
  • anw , nfr-kA-mn anw (Aby.52)

nfr-kA-ra anw Neferkare Anu

nfr-kA anw Sneferka Anu

nfr Nefer (Beautiful)

Inscription in Turin Canon is damaged in that place, only fragment survived which points distinctly at king Neferkamin Anu who is also mentioned by Table of Abydos.

14

  Qakare Ibi
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • qai-kA-ra , qai-kAu-ra-Re (Aby.53)
  • ibi , ib(i) (Tur.4.10)

[qai-]kAu-ra-Re Qakare (Strong Is The Soul of Re)

ib(i) Ibi

ibi Ibi

qai-kA-ra Qakare (Strong Is The Soul Of Re)

The ruler confirmed by Turin Canon and Table of Abydos. Many graffitos survived at Tomas (Nubia). It is assumed that he might have ruled  2-4 years. Burial place – pyramid at Saqqara. This is the last pyramid erected at Saqqara. It is located near Pepi II pyramid. The Texts of Pyramid survived until now.

15

  Neferkaure
  • Hr Xai...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • nfr-kAu-ra (Aby.54)
  • ... ...

nfr-kAu-ra Neferkaure (Beautiful Are The Souls [Ka] Of Re)
Existence of this regent is confirmed in Table of Abydos. J. von Beckerath ascribed to him Horus name of Hr Xai... .

16

  Neferkauhor Khwiwihepu
  • Hr nTri-bAw
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • nfr-kAw-Hr (Aby.55)
  • Xwi-wi-Hpw

nfr-kAw-Hr Neferkauhor (Beautiful Is Soul [Ka] Of Horus)

Xwi-wi-Hpw Khwiwihepu (Apis Protect Me)

This ruler’s name Xwi-wi-Hpw is interpreted as Apis Protects Me. To the period of Neferkauhor rule are dated famous decrees of Koptos which mention among others marriage of eldest daughter of the king with vizier of Upper Egypt named Shemai.

17

  Neferirkare II
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
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  • nfr-iri-kA-ra (Aby.56)
  • ... ...

nfr-iri-kA-ra Neferirkare (Beautiful Form And Soul [Ka] Of Re)

a

  Sekhemkare
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • sXm-kA-ra
  • ... ...

sXm-kA-ra Sekhemkare (The Soul Of Re Is Strong)

This king is mentioned in papyrus from Berlin 10523 (letter from Elephantina).

b

  Wadjkare
  • Hr dmD-ib-tAwy
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • wAD-kA-ra
  • ... ...

wAD-kA-ra Wadjkare (Fresh Is Ka Of Re; Prosperous Is The Soul Of Re)

Name of this king means Fresh Is Ka Of Re (or Prosperous Is The Soul Of Re) is mentioned solely in famous decree of Koptos protecting the foundation of posthumous cult. J. von Beckerath attributed to the throne name of Wadjkare the Horus name of Demedjebtaui (The One Who Unifies Power Of Two Lands), signing this decree. Other scholars rely on theory of K. Sethe and identify Wadjkare with ruler being predecessor of Demedjebtaui and who should be ascribed to Dynasty IX.

c

  Iti
  • ... ...
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  • ity

ity Iti

This king is mentioned in inscription at Wadi Hammamat in context of an expedition of Nikau-Ptah, sent to win building materials for  bAw-ity (Power Of Iti) pyramid.

d

  Imhotep
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ii-m-Htp

ii-m-Htp Imhotep

The ruler mentioned in inscription at Wadi Hammamat that describes sending at these times an expedition of 2500 people.

e

  Hotep
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ...-ra
  • Htp

Htp Hotep (Pleased; Satisfied)

f

  Khwi
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • Xwi

Xwi Chui (The Protector)

Local ruler in Central Egypt. His name The Protector may be a short form of name The One, Who Is Protected [by god].  To this ruler has been ascribed a monumental tomb being presumably a step pyramid with rounded corners, located nearby Dara in central Egypt

g

  Isu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
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  • ... ...
  • isw

isw Isu

Name mentioned in graffito.

h

  Iytenu
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • ... ...
  • iyTnw

iyTnw Iytenu

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