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0 Dynasty ~3120 - 3080
( period Nagada IIIb )

to Ist dynasty

A sequence of rulers of 0 Dynasty based on W. Kaiser proposition. All the rulers, apart from Scorpion, were buried in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis nearby Abydos and plausibly they belong to one family line of rulers. These tombs appear smaller than those of pharaohs of the Dynasty I which are located in a near vicinity. All rulers form common Tanis line. The exception is king Scorpion whose origin remains unknown.


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A sealing of this ruler shows serekh surmounted by two falcons – no name is specified. Burial place – Umm el-Qaab nearby Abydos


. Ny-Hor ( Nu-Hor )

An interpretation of this name remains controversial and serekhs with this name was found in Tura and Tarkhan. Some scholars suggest it is a cursive inscription of the name Narmer. His Horus name means The Hunter (according to Kaiser).


  Hat-Hor ( Hatj-Hor )

His name still remains questionable. To him probably belongs a serekh found on vessel from Tura.



Serekhs with name of this ruler were found on vessel in Qustul and stone inscriptions near Armant on the West Desert



Serekhs with this ruler's name were found at eastern Delta and at a piece of pottery from Tura. Helck identifies him with one of two defeated chiefs presented at Narmer's Palette and reads his name as Wa-Shi.


. Iry-Hor
  • Hr rA , iri

The king buried in tomb B1-B2 in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis. Some scholars (T. Wilkinson) do not deny existence of this ruler. Reading of his name is also controversial – „ Belonging to Horus”. This view is not shared by J. von Beckerath and W. Helck. The name Iry-Hor is confirmed by seal print of Zawiyet el-Aryan.


Ka ( Sehen )
  • Hr kA , Hr shn


A ruler buried in B7-B9 tomb in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis. In some scholars’ opinion (P. Kaplony) he was named Sehen. Others, being in minority, contradict his identity.



Considered to be an usurper who ruled over Delta or part of it, possibly at times of Narmer. Serekh was found in a tomb 315 at Tarkhan. Some scholars read out the name of Ka or Scorpion on it.


  • Hr wha , sqr (?)


SkorpionThe king os known to us thank to fragments of two (?) mace-heads of Hierankopolis and table of Abydos that survived until now. According to G. Drayer this ruler followed pharaoh Aha of Dynasty I. Some scholars (Krauss & Franke) believe that there were two persons identified by this same name. Thus, Scorpion I lived around year 3150 and was predecessor of Egyptian pharaohs. To him also belonged multi-chambered tomb U-j at Abydos, discovered in 1988 by German expedition. The king known from mace of Hierakonpolis in turn, was Scorpion II and to him belonged either one-chambered tomb at Hierakonpolis or B50 complex at the necropolis at Abydos. In  W. Helck’s opinion king Scorpion preceded Iry-Hor from Hierakonpolis dynasty.

Mace's head of king Scorpion from Hieraconpolis, h=32 cm Mace's head of king Scorpion. Draw.
Mace's head of king Scorpion from Hieraconpolis, h=32 cm Mace's head of king Scorpion. Draw

do 0 dynastii


do II dynastii

Copyright © 2000-2013 Dariusz Sitek, Czestochowa - Chicago - Ann Arbor